American Water Spaniel - 1Sporting Group 

American Water Spaniel – Sporting Group

American Water Spaniel - 2

The American Water Spaniel (AWS) is a versatile and energetic dog breed that is highly skilled in both land and water activities.

Developed in the United States, the AWS is a skilled retriever and is known for its ability to work in various terrains, including marshes and dense vegetation.

Here is a full description of the American Water Spaniel, including health concerns and care needs:


The American Water Spaniel is a medium-sized, well-muscled dog with a well-balanced and athletic build. They typically stand between 15 and 18 inches (38-46 cm) at the shoulder and weigh between 25 and 45 pounds (11-20 kg).

Their coat is dense and waterproof, with a thick undercoat and a curly or wavy outer coat that provides protection in water and rough terrain.

The coat colors can vary and include liver, chocolate, or brown, often with white markings on the chest and feet.

Their head is proportionate to the body, and they have a slightly domed skull. The eyes are medium-sized, rounded, and usually brown or hazel.

The ears are pendant and set at eye level. The tail is usually docked to a medium length, but some individuals may have a natural bobtail.


The American Water Spaniel is known for its friendly, intelligent, and eager-to-please temperament.

They are loyal and devoted to their families, making them excellent companions and family pets.

They are generally good with children and get along well with other dogs, although proper socialization is essential from an early age.

They may have a natural instinct to chase smaller animals due to their hunting background, so caution should be exercised when introducing them to small pets.

This breed is highly trainable and loves to work. They excel in various activities, including hunting, retrieving, obedience, and agility.

Their intelligence, combined with their willingness to please, makes them quick learners.

However, they can be sensitive to harsh training methods, so positive reinforcement and consistency are key to their successful training.

Exercise and Care:

The American Water Spaniel is an active breed that requires regular exercise and mental stimulation to be happy and healthy.

They have high energy levels and thrive on activities that challenge their minds and bodies. Daily walks, runs, or play sessions in a securely fenced yard are necessary to fulfill their exercise needs.

Engaging them in water-related activities, such as swimming or retrieving in lakes or pools, can also provide excellent exercise and mental stimulation.


The American Water Spaniel requires regular attention.

Their dense, curly coat should be brushed at least once or twice a week to prevent matting and remove debris.

They may require more frequent brushing during shedding seasons. Regular bathing is necessary to keep their coat clean and to maintain its water-resistant properties.

Their ears should be checked and cleaned regularly to prevent infections, and their teeth should be brushed regularly to maintain good oral hygiene.


The American Water Spaniel is generally a healthy breed with few breed-specific health concerns.

However, like all dog breeds, they may be prone to certain conditions. Some health concerns that can affect the American Water Spaniel include:

1. Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to mobility issues. Proper screening and breeding practices can help reduce the incidence of hip dysplasia.

2. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is an inherited eye condition that causes progressive vision loss and can lead to blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist are recommended.

3. Ear Infections: Due to their floppy ears, American Water Spaniels may be prone to ear infections. Regular cleaning and proper drying after swimming can help prevent this issue.

They require regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet.




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